6 March 2024 By underratedcollege.com 0

IELTS Reading Comprehension Section (2)

Welcome to your IELTS Reading Comprehension Section (2)

Make That Wine!

Australia's Shift to Wine: Australia, traditionally known as a nation of beer drinkers, has seen a remarkable shift towards wine consumption. The extensive range of choices available, coupled with the rich cultural significance behind each bottle, has led to wine becoming the preferred alcoholic beverage. This shift has been attributed to the depth and intimacy that wine brings to the drinking experience, surpassing what beer can offer. Additionally, moderate wine consumption is believed to have health benefits, including a lower incidence of heart disease and other ailments.

The Origins and Spread of Wine: Wine, a product of fermenting grape juice, has a long history dating back at least 8,000 years ago in the Near East. From its origins, wine-making spread throughout ancient Mediterranean civilizations, where it became a staple beverage extensively produced, consumed, and traded. Even today, Mediterranean countries, with France at the forefront, are the largest consumers of wine.

Classification of Wines: Wine classification is a complex process that often begins with distinguishing between red and white wines. Contrary to popular belief, the color of wine is not determined by the grape's color but by the wine-making process itself. Red wines are made by fermenting grape juice with the skin, while white wines are produced without skin contact. Additionally, wines can be classified based on grape species, leading to varietal wines, or through blending various grape juices to create unique blends.

Location and Vinification Methods: Market recognition of wines is increasingly based on the location of production, with labels such as Bordeaux, Napa Valley, and Barossa Valley gaining prominence. Traditional wines from these regions carry trademarks highly respected by serious wine drinkers. However, terms like "champagne" have become semi-generic despite attempts to protect regional designations. Vinification methods further diversify wine products, with variations like sparkling wines created through secondary fermentation and dessert wines produced by halting fermentation before all sugars are consumed. Grapes harvested beyond ripeness yield late harvest wines, while partially dried grapes result in dried grape wines.

Appreciation of Wine: A significant term in the wine world is "vintage," indicating that the wine was made from grapes harvested in a specific year. Exceptional vintages are highly regarded and often stored for future consumption. However, appreciating and assessing wine remains subjective, varying from person to person based on individual preferences and experiences.

The World of Wine Assessment: Wine assessment encompasses a rich and varied world of descriptive terminology, reflecting the diverse aromas, flavors, textures, and aftertastes found in wines. Serious wine drinkers rely on an agreed vocabulary to accurately describe their drinking sensations in writing. From bouquet to biscuity, mellow to musky, vivid to vegetal, the descriptive spectrum allows enthusiasts to articulate their experiences with precision. However, this plethora of terms can sometimes lead to speculation and disagreement, particularly when assessing the significance of a particular vintage. Non-vintage wines, typically blends from multiple years, are crafted for consistency and quality control. This blending practice ensures that each bottle maintains a standard flavor profile. Overall, the intricate terminology and assessment process add depth to the enjoyment of wine, allowing enthusiasts to savor its complexities and share their experiences with others. Cheers to the diverse and endlessly fascinating world of wine!


Questions 1-4

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage One? Write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN If there is no information on this

1. Wine is popular in Australia because it is healthy.

2. Yeast is white-coloured.

3. Wine is popular in the Near East.

4. Blended wines are usually cheaper.

Questions 5-10

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

5-) Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage

6-) Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage

7-) Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage

😎 Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage

9-) Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage

10-) Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage

Questions 11-13

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C, or D.

11. Vintage wines are

12. The author thinks that wine terminology is

13. Wine